Janice E. "Pat" Ross, M.D., is a licensed (New York, South Carolina, Georgia) and board certified physician (anatomical, clinical and forensic pathology) who has successfully completed the certification program offered by the American Association of Medical Review Officers. In addition, she has testified as an expert witness in municipal, state and federal courts in both criminal and civil proceedings.
In 1986, President Reagan signed Executive Order 12564 which established the goal of a drug free workplace. This was followed by the passage of Congressional legislation to allow for implementation of this order. As a result, in 1988, the Mandatory Guidelines for Federal Workplace Drug Testing were published. The guidelines address all aspects of the drug testing process to include the requirement of a Medical Review Officer (MRO) to interpret the urine drug test results (pre-employment, random, for cause). An MRO is defined as a licensed physician who has knowledge of substance abuse disorders and who has received the appropriate training to interpret and evaluate a positive drug test result. The MRO must understand and integrate the fields of medicine, toxicology and the law in order to properly fulfill his/her duties.
Janice E. "Pat" Ross, M.D.